Last time, John Jackson mentioned his brother, Robert Jackson, who was a member of No 418 “City of Edmonton” Squadron of the Royal Canadian Air Force, flying the American twin-engined Douglas Boston Mk IIIs. He was based at RAF Debden, around 34 miles north-east of London. They flew “Intruder sorties” into occupied Europe at night, and at low level to avoid the German radar. Their purpose was to destroy German aircraft, as they took off or came back to land. Sometimes, these were German night fighters, returning from operations over England. More important, though, were the attacks on German bombers as they returned from bombing England. The other main activity were “Ranger sorties”, when they would shoot up either enemy airfields, factories, power stations or shipping. Above all, they tried to destroy as many locomotives and as much rolling stock as possible:
The Bostons went deep into enemy territory, although they did not carry their own radar. They used the naked eye, fortified with an hourly consumption of carrots. 418 Squadron also spent a great deal of time dropping propaganda leaflets on occupied countries such as Belgium, France and Holland.
The Douglas Boston Mark III had extensive armour protection and large fuel tanks for longer range. Its speed was well in excess of 300 mph and fighter versions came closer to 400 mph. 418 Squadron flew a development of the Mark III called the Mark III Intruder, with specialised adaptations on the exhausts to mask the flame effects of the engines at night. They carried four 20mm cannon in a ventral pack under the central portion of the aircraft’s fuselage, and a bomb load of up to two thousand pounds.
The Bostons were painted completely matt black, an unusual paint scheme in the RAF. Squadron letters were in matt red. 418 Squadron was an élite outfit in the RCAF. They carried out more missions than anybody else, both by day and by night, they shot down more German aircraft than anybody else, both by day and by night, and they destroyed more aircraft on the ground than anybody else.
The squadron motto was in Inuit, the single word “Piyautailili” or “Defend Unto Death”:
They trained hard to master flying at low level at night, although it was far from easy. Casualty rates became extremely high in 1942. Aircraft were lost on February 24th, March 9th (two), March 26th and 29th, April 1st (two), 12th and 27th (two), May 17th and 20th (two), July 9th, August 1st, 2nd, 17th, 21st, 28th, October 19th, November 8th and 18th, December 1st and 5th. 24 aircraft in total, with potentially, 72 men killed.
During the winter of 1942-1943, the main problem was that, operating now from RAF Bradwell, they were penetrating deeper and deeper into Germany, much further than ever before. When they left England, conditions might be acceptable, but six hours later, there could be thick fog or ice or snow. They might be short of fuel as they looked for an airfield. There were lots of accidents and lots of casualties.
Bradwell Bay was the only fighter base to be equipped with FIDO, a method of allowing aircraft to land during periods of persistent, thick fog.
A pipeline either side of the runway had burner jets placed equal distances apart along its entire length. Petrol was pumped in and ignited. The subsequent flames would evaporate the fog droplets sufficiently for any aircraft waiting to land to see the runway:
FIDO was usually employed at bomber stations. Here it is, being lit. Mind your eyebrows:
The cost of training a seven man crew, was very much more than 100,000 gallons of petrol per hour. “Bomber” Harris always said that it was cheaper to send twelve men to Oxford or Cambridge for three years than to train a Lancaster crew:
11 responses to “Two Old Nottinghamian brothers fighting fascism (2)”
More good history
Thank you, Derrick. Those two brothers won’t be forgotten as long as I have anything to do with it!
You are certainly doing your bit
Constant training is priceless and necessary!!
Absolutely! I don’t know a great deal about modern air forces, but I presume that a lot of the initial training is done on computers. Back in the days of the Douglas Boston, that was impossible, so men lost their lives. It was the only way of learning the skill so it had to be done.
That said, the training units in Britain could be very dangerous, and lots of men who finished their combat tours stayed in their squadrons, preferring to be with their friends if they died, rather than people they did not know.
Training became a lot less dangerous when “The Plan” was set up in Canada and the USA.
Happy to know the new Plan saved some lives.
The Canadians in general, did a remarkable job during the war and were largely forgotten. 418 it would seem, were the elite and certainly proved their worth. Robert, as part of it, must have been through some difficult times. Keeping their memories alive will certainly go some way to honouring their efforts. Very informative John.
Thank you very much…we aim to please!!
You are absolutely right about the Canadians, and over the course of the war they seem to me to have been given the distasteful end of the stick on several occasions. Dieppe was the first (3,367casualties = 60%) and the second was clearing the Scheldt Estuary (6367 killed ) and then Italy (25,000+ casualties incurred). The RCAF invariably got the Halifaxes to fly as well.
Two other countries could complain about the same lack of recognition, Czechoslovakia and Poland, the latter even refused the chance to march in the Victory Parade in London, so as not to upset cuddly Joe Stalin.
I agree wholeheartedly John. The Czechs and the Poles were really let down even worse than the Canadians. Many Czechs being sent back knowing the fate that awaited them. Just shocking!
Thank you. The pipeline sounds dangerous but I suppose it would not have been.
No, I don’t think it was ever very dangerous, not if you were very careful. For the crews of the aircraft, it was a godsend.