Match-fixing (1)

Corruption in football is nothing new. More than a century ago, in 1900, Burnley goalkeeper Jack Hillman attempted to corrupt the Nottingham Forest goalkeeper and the other players by giving them £2 each to let Burnley win on the last day of the season and perhaps thereby escape relegation. It didn’t work. Burnley went down with 27 points from 34 games, along with Glossop North End who managed only 18. Here’s Hillman, apparently twenty minutes after the invention of angora sweaters::


Had the bribe succeeded, Burnley would have overtaken and relegated Preston North End (28 points) who would have taken their place in Division Two. Hillman was called to account by the authorities, but amazingly, they didn’t accept his explanation of “I was only having a laugh!” He got a rather lenient twelve month ban, although this meant no pay for that period and the loss of a benefit match which would have netted him around £300. Even worse for him, though, was the fact that he never played international football for England again, having just broken into the team
In 1905, at the opposite end of the table, Manchester City were trying to win the League title. Billy Meredith, their star winger, decided to make the task a little bit easier by offering the Aston Villa players £10 to let them win. Like Hillman, Meredith received a year long ban, but rocked the footballing boat by alleging that he had been ordered to bribe the Aston Villa player, Alex Leake, by his Manchester City manager, Tom Maley. Bribery, said Meredith, was common practice at Manchester City who finished the 1904-1905 season in third place behind champions Newcastle United and Everton. A whole selection of players were suspended, as were members of the club staff and directors from the boardroom. Here’s Meredith. He looks like he’s wearing in a new moustache for his shy, and rather strange, German penfriend:


Meredith actually wrote an open letter to the Athletic News:

“You approve of the severe punishment administered by the Commission AGAINST ME and state that the offence I committed at Aston Villa should have wiped me out of football forever. Why ME ALONE? when I was only the spokesman of others equally guilty.”

In 1915, Liverpool played so poorly as they lost 2-0 to relegation-threatened Manchester United that one of the many bookmakers who had taken bets on the game refused to pay out, at odds of 7-1.  He had probably heard of the clandestine meetings of players in the pubs of Manchester and Liverpool. And the poor old bookmaker was completely right. In the United team, Sandy Turnbull, Enoch West and Arthur Whalley were the guilty men and in the Liverpool team it was the fault of Tom Miller, Bob Purcell, Jackie Sheldon and the rather appropriately named Thomas Fairfoul. Can you spot the guilty players in this old picture of Manchester United?

wh turn wets

Would you like a second go?


It looks like Liverpool are not quite so helpful towards the local detectives:

liverpool 1915

And no, the man with the cap is the trainer.

Jackie Sheldon as an ex-United man was the mastermind behind the coup but not everybody in the two teams was happy to cheat in this way. Both Fred Pagnam (Liverpool) and George Anderson (United) refused to participate. Indeed, when Pagnam shot and hit the opposing crossbar his teammates all showed their anger with him. It was perhaps his own fault, as before the match he had threatened to score a goal to spoil their nasty little plan. By now, whiter-than-white Billy Meredith was a United player, but everybody had taken great care not to tell him about what was happening and nobody passed to him throughout the game…something which, of course, aroused his suspicions as to what exactly was going on.  A penalty was missed by such a distance that the ball only just failed to hit the corner flag.  The crowd, feeling they had wasted their penny entrance money, grew increasingly angry with the proceedings.

Overall though, things were getting very much out of hand with match fixing. As an example, all seven of the Liverpool-Manchester United match fixers, along with an eighth player, Lawrence Cook of Stockport County, were banned from football sine die. (that effectively means “for life”)
Cynics might say that that was a fairly limp punishment as professional football had already been suspended because of the war. The even more cynical would point out that the Naughty Eight were given hints about a possible return to football, but only if they signed up for the Army and survived the carnage of the Western Front:


A succession of away games on the Somme and at Passchendaele gave seven of the Naughty Eight their promised lifting of the ban. Fairfoul in fact turned away from football but the other six went back to their previous employment. For some reason “Lucky Enoch” West did not have his ban rescinded until 1945 when he was 59 years of age.


Poor Sandy Turnbull had to be contented with a posthumous permission to resume his footballing career. He joined the 23rd Battalion of the Middlesex Regiment before a free transfer to the 8th Battalion of the East Surrey Regiment. He became Lance-Sergeant Turnbull and was killed on May 3rd in the Battle of Arras at the age of 33.  Sandy was the son of James and Jessie Turnbull, of I, Gibson St., Kilmarnock, Ayrshire and the husband of Florence Amy Turnbull, of 17, Portland Rd., Gorse Hill, Stretford, Manchester. He had won FA Cup medals with both Manchester City and Manchester United:


The Grim Reaper has no favourites though. Sandy has no known grave and his death is commemorated along with that of almost 35,000 others from the United Kingdom, South Africa and New Zealand who died in this fairly pointless battle and whose bodies have never been identified. Overall, the Battle of Arras was quite a slaughter. Nearly 160,000 British lads and about 125,000 young Germans renounced their right ever to play football again. In a mere five weeks. Here is Polygon Wood where Sandy had tried to mark out a football pitch for himself and his pals:


Alas, they didn’t realise that a Great War average of one ton of explosives per yard of trench was going to be a really, really big problem with that.



Filed under Criminology, Football, History, Humour, Nottingham

22 responses to “Match-fixing (1)

  1. Pierre Lagacé

    I had to read it.
    You have made your point successfully at the end.

    Alas, they didn’t realise that a Great War average of one ton of explosives per yard of trench was going to be a really, really big problem with that.

  2. That is quite a tale of corruption John, with a stark and shocking reminder of the horrors of the trenches in the statistic at the end.

  3. I think competition [whether sports or otherwise], incites underhanded play from some. As much as we enjoy sportsmanship – war doesn’t play fair.

  4. What an absolute bastard of a thing that war was.

  5. This is an Amazing post were do you get all your information from John

    • Well, I read a great deal about football and military affairs and I already knew about the vast majority of events. The exact details, dates etc came from Wikipedia and a book which I bought for a penny off Amazon.

  6. The trouble with sport is that the desire to succeed and make more money is corrosive. I refuse to watch any form of athletics or cycling but I suspect most sports are tainted by cheating.
    The first football cheating scandal that I remember (just) was that of 1964, I recall my dad, who was always rather naive, being shocked by the story!
    These days an England manager loses his job for being corrupt and a few weeks later gets a new Premier League appointment!

    • You are absolutely right. I won’t watch athletics for the same reason as you and the affair with Sam Allardyce is beyond belief. I used to really admire him, I can remember the affair in 1964. I was only nine, and I was just glad my name wasn’t “Swan”!

  7. Geeze, John, those war pictures made me weep. I was so engrossed in the cheating you were writing about I was not prepared for the shock of those photos. God! How I HATE war! Senseless murders for what??? Yes yes I do understand for example Hitler had to be stopped. But was there no other way then war? Men are so war enthused. Gives me the creeps!

    • I suppose the problem comes when innocent countries are invaded by dictators such as Hitler or Saddam Hussein. I suppose nowadays the future lies with drones which can help limit casualties in the armed forces. That still doesn’t prevent civilian casualties and it actually sounds a little too glib just to say “Well, they shouldn’t have supported Hitler”, but that is part of the problem. If you follow a monster you can expect to be opposed, years ago by the European countries, nowadays by the United Nations.

  8. Corruption is indeed found in many sports. Sadly where big money is the prize, some folk will do whatever it takes to get it. I’d be surprised if there wasn’t more that we don’t hear about. You certainly don’t make identification of those culprits easy, had to look several times those blooming red shirts and circles distracted me!

    • Absolutely. I suddenly realised that those Google pictures can’t have been too clever for anybody who is colour blind but I suppose they did make the point. As regards the problems generated by big money, you are quite right. I just don’t know what sport would be untainted by the lure of cash.

  9. then Sam Allardyce gets a new job.
    then you have the opposite to a man like him.
    people like Kevin Keegan there are some men with scruples in a game awash with money

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